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Causes of Chronic Back Pain Summarized

http://www.spineuniverse.com/resource-center/bpa/causes-chronic-back-pain-summarized

Causes of Chronic Back Pain Summarized

Ninety-five percent (95%) of 758 adult patients reported pain in the lumbar and/or sacral regions, 47% cervical and 33% thoracic. Deeper into the survey results, it was revealed that 360 patients reported chronic pain in the cervical region, 248 in the thoracic region, and 719 in the lumbar/sacral regions. Many patients who took the survey have chronic back pain in more than one region, although the percentages are not known from the results of this study.
Symptoms by Region of the Spine
SymptomsCervical*
(n=360)
Thoracic*
(n=248)
Lumbar/
Sacral*
(n=719)
Pain94%92%96%
Tingling62%43%56%
Burning57%53%58%
Shooting Pain57%58%70%
Achy72%77%74%
Stiff88%86%83%
Muscle Spasms67%75%70%
Radicular Pain70%64%68%
Movement exacerbates symptoms69%76%70%
*Cervical: 76% of patients reported headache
*Thoracic: 34% of patients reported bowel and/or bladder dysfunction
*Lumbar/Sacral: 72% of patients reported hip pain/discomfort, 58% reported sacroiliac joint pain, 67% reported buttock pain, 70% reported thigh and leg pain, 58% sciatica, and 30% bowel/bladder dysfunction.
Pain Descriptions by Region of the Spine
Pain DescriptionsCervical
(n=360)
Thoracic
(n=248)
Lumbar/
Sacral
(n=719)
Mild, minor1%1%1%
Tolerable15%15%11%
Strong18%16%17%
Piercing12%10%11%
Intense18%16%21%
Very intense17%26%20%
Extremely intense10%9%9%
Excruciating5%5%7%
Worst imaginable4%2%3%
Causes of Chronic Back Pain
Survey participants (n=764) were given a list of 14 possible causes of chronic back pain, and asked, “What do you think started your chronic back pain?” Participants were allowed to check all causes applicable to their individual chronic back pain.
Most Common Diagnoses Related to Chronic Spine Pain
DiagnosesCervical
(n=360)
Thoracic
(n=248)
Lumbar/
Sacral
(n=719)
Bulging Disc46%37%44%
Degenerative Disc Disease68%64%66%
Herniated Disc39%30%43%
Spinal Stenosis41%31%43%
Spondylosis33%27%29%
Comorbidities
The most prevalent comorbidities (n=764) were depression (53%), anxiety (45%), and high blood pressure (44%).
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